Skilled worker visa subclasses are generally related to providing required skills and talents in Australia through migration.
General Skilled Migration Program
General Skilled Migration is suitable for people who are not sponsored by an employer, but have skills and talents in highly desired or required occupations in Australia. These visas usually provide permanent residency independently or pathways to permanent residency without requireing sponsorship from an employer.
Generally, the applicant must be aged over 18 and under 50 years, have good English language ability, and have their skills and qualifications for an occupation listed on the Australian Skilled Occupational List (SOL or CSOL). The applicant must undergo a mandatory skills assessment as part of their application.
Applications for these visa subclasses uses a points test system. The applicant's spouse/partner and other dependant members of the family unit may be included in the application.
Employer Nomination Scheme
The Employer Nomination Scheme is an option for people who are nominated by an Australian employer to fill full-time positions in Australia. To be eligible, the applicant must be under 50 years of age and have a good English language ability. The applicant should also have recent and/or on going experience in the nominated position found in the Consolidated Skills Occupation List (CSOL).
For the Direct Entry Stream method, a satisfactory skills assessment must be obtained from the relevant assessment authority. The Direct Entry Stream is usually used to fast-track the process to obtain permanent residency under the Employer Nomination Scheme.
Regional Sponsored Migration Scheme (RSMS)
The Regional Sponsored Migration Scheme (RSMS) is used by employers in regional Australia to fill skilled position that they are unable to fill from the local labour market on a permanent basis.
The RSMS allows employers to nomianted staff from overseas for a full-time permanent vacancy. As a nominated employee, the applicant must have the relevent qualifications for the position, be under the age of 50 and have a good command of the English language. Depending on circumstances, the applicant may require a successfull skills assessment and higher English language proficiency.
The difference from the Employer Nomination Scheme is that the RSMS can only be used by employers and vacancies in regional areas where there is a shortage of skilled staff. The applicant would most likely be be required to live and work in that regional area for a certain duration of time.
SC 482 long term temporary business visa
The 482 visa is most widely used by employers to sponsor overseas workers to work in Australia on a temporary basis (up to four years). The sponsored employee must have an employed background relevant to and consistent with the position to be performed, must have acceptable English proficiency, be of good character and maintain good health. The dependent family members of the applicant may be included in the application.
The 482 visa can also be used to obtain permanent residency as part of the self-sponsorship pathway.